East Africa

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East Africa

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East Africa is a region in Africa.


Countries and territories

East Africa regions
On the shores of Lake Tanganyika, it's the beating heart of Africa. Holds the source of the famous Nile River.
Tiny Indian Ocean island group between Madagascar and Mozambique
Small country across the Gulf of Aden from Yemen and largely Arabic in nature
This relatively small nation has heavy Arab and African influences
Africa's second largest population; an old Christian country, home to castles, beautiful monasteries, and wonderful food
Known for its world-class safaris and beautiful beaches
Expect the unexpected in the land of the lemurs and the so-called eighth continent
Tropical Indian Ocean island
Gorillas in the mist
A group of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Despite dangers from Pirates, Somalia has many wonderous beaches as it has the longest coastline in Africa. The country also some game parks to the south
Mt. Kilimanjaro and major game parks
Wildlife abounds and this is the best place for treks into the Congolese jungle to visit the nearly extinct mountain gorillas

Other islands

Cities to visit

  • Addis Ababa — the huge capital of Ethiopia and a major hub for NGOs and the African Union
  • Antananarivo — also known as Tana, is the capital of Madagascar
  • Dar es Salaam — Tanzania's hot and humid metropolis has little to keep the traveler there, but is a major transit point of the region
  • Kampala — the bustling, friendly capital of Uganda
  • Kigali — aside from the genocide memorials, there is little to interest the traveler in Rwanda's capital; this is a passing through city
  • Lilongwe — the largest city in Malawi is remarkably green
  • Mogadishu — this city in the south of Somalia was once a beautiful coastal city; despite war and pirates, it still has beautiful beaches and Islamic architecture
  • Mombasa — historic coastal Kenyan city thought to be more than 2,500 years old
  • Nairobi — the capital of Kenya and the largest city in East Africa
  • Port Louis - the capital of Mauritius

Other destinations



English is understood throughout some of the East Africa region.

Swahili is understood and spoken by a large number of people, especially Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya, where it is an official language.

Get in

For intercontinental travel, Nairobi (Kenya) is the busiest travel hub in East Africa, though Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) are also popular. North Americans will likely need to stop off in Europe, as direct flights from the North America to anywhere in Africa are seasonal at best. Nonstop flights are available to the major hubs from London, Amsterdam, Istanbul, Zurich, and many other cities. South Americans will likely connect in Johannesburg, which sees daily nonstop flights from São Paulo; a longer but often cheaper option is to connect in Spain or Italy. Visitors from Asia and Oceania will generally connect somewhere on the Arabian peninsula.

Under the right circumstances, travel costs are competitive with other destinations, so it may be worth experimenting with dates, booking an open jaw flight (for example, arriving in Nairobi and departing from Addis Ababa) or booking short-hop flights separately from the intercontinental flight.

Get around

East Africa has generally better organised transport than Southern Africa, but Tanzania has probably the slowest.

Things to see

In East Africa, wildlife safaris and adventure travel include sight seeing and wildlife viewing tours to see all Big 5 wildlife animals, chimpanzee, gorilla tracking, wildebeest migration and mount kilimanjaro climbing trips.


6 days Machame route kilimanjaro trekking

7 days Lemosho route climbing kilimanjaro

Tanzania wildlife safaris 7 days

Uganda Gorilla tracking 5 days

Gorilla tracking 4 days

Explore East Africa Jungle Adventure Safaris starting from Tanzania and Rwanda or Uganda

Things to do


Bars and Night life

Stay safe

There have been several incidents involving jihadists, takfiris and Salafists attacking non-Muslims in various parts of East Africa where they would target those who are unfamiliar with the Quran.

Get out

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